MT103 – Single Customer Credit Transfer | Trade Samaritan

MT103 – Single Customer Credit Transfer

MT103 is also used in the form on MT103+ and MT103REMIT which facilitates straight through processing.

We have already discussed in our earlier article SWIFT MT1xx & MT2xx that these specific message types starting with ‘1’ and ‘2’ are standardized and assigned for Customer and Financial institution related payments. SWIFT MT103 is an improvised version of the original MT100 customer credit transfer message.

MT103 is used to make a single payment. It has a large number of options that are to describe exactly how the payment should be made.

Let us study a few examples of MT103 facilitating foreign currency trade payments between the exporter and importer located in 2 countries. Through our example we will examine the architecture of trade payments between with 2 banks having a single account relationship, 2 banks having multiple account relationship and 2 banks having no relationship thereby using an intermediary bank to facilitate the actual payment.Please remember that MT103 like other SWIFT messages is a mere communication of financial transaction. SWIFT offers a secured, encrypted and standardized medium of financial transaction communication.

MT103 provides the instructions of the underlying financial payment to the receiver of the transfer, the actual entries/transactions are carried out separately and are outside the purview of SWIFT.

SWIFT MT103

Payment Reference: Your bank payment reference must be indicated in all MT103 and it should be correct. This reference number enables the payee/beneficiary to apply the payment.

BEN/OUR/SHA: This field indicates as to who is being the transfer charges. The ‘OUR’ instructions mean that the sender will bear the charges. ‘SHA’ means means sender only pay sender bank’s outgoing transfer charge. Receiver receives the payment minus the correspondent bank charges. ‘BEN’ (beneficiary) means sender does not pay any charge. Beneficiary receives the payment minus all transfer charges.

MT103 – Single Customer Credit Transfer with Direct Account Relationship

Circles G.m.b.H. orders UBS, Zürich, to pay Euro 1,558.47 to ABN Amro Bank, Amsterdam, for the account of W.E. Jose.

MT103

In the above example no reimbursement party will be indicated as the home currency as well as the transaction currency is Euro (no conversion involved) and both the bank have an account relationship. The direct account relationship, in the currency of the transfer, between the Sender and the Receiver will be used.

UBS Zurich will debit the account of Circle G.m.b.H and credit the account of ABN Amro Bank held with them for Euro 1558.47 whereas ABN Amro bank will debit the account of UBS by Euro 1558.47 and credit W.E.Jose. These 2 banks have only one account in Euro currency held with each other hence no serviced/settlement account needs to be specified. Final beneficiary is W.E.Jose whose account is held with ABN Amro Bank.

MT103 – Single Customer Credit Transfer specifying account for reimbursement

Transaction: Circles G.m.b.H. orders UBS, Zürich, to pay Euro 1,558.47 to ABN Amro Bank, Amsterdam, for the account of W.E. Jose.

However by this time, these 2 banks have more than one Euro account relationship, hence UBS, Zürich will have to specify the particular account number that needs to be used for reimbursement and settlement. The flow of the transaction will be the same as the above example, the only addition is the mention of reimbursement account in the SWIFT message.

MT103

In field 53b of MT103 the account number (say 456 75 1598) of the Sender’s account (UBS Zurich), serviced by the Receiver(ABN Amro Bank), which is to be used for reimbursement in the transfer will be specified.

This way ABN Amro bank will know as to which particular Euro account of UBS held with them needs to be debited to settle the transaction.

MT103 – Single Customer Credit Transfer with ordering and account-with institution.

Circles G.m.b.H. orders UBS, Zürich, to pay USD 2000.00 to OCBC Bank, Singapore for the account of W.E. Jose.

Please note 2 changes in this example; currency is USD and UBS, Zurich does not a hold a USD account directly with any bank (assumption held for the sake of this example).

Since UBS, Zurich does not have a direct account relationship with OCBC Bank and does not hold a USD account it requests Goldman Sachs bank AG, Zurich to handle the transaction. UBS, Zurich routes all its USD transaction through its correspondent bank Goldman Sachs AG, Zurich as it has a Dollar account with Citibank New York.

Now both the banks ie Goldman Sach Bank AG  and OCBC Bank SG have a USD currency account with Citibank, New York. Hence the transaction can be successfully routed through Citibank New York for settlement in USD.

Note that in order to settle this particular transaction there will be 2 MT103 messages sent

Capture

First MT103:  will be sent by Goldman Sachs AG, Zurich to Citibank, New York for $2000.00 instructing Citibank to debit their USD account for $2000.00 and credit OCBC Bank Singapore for $2000.00.

Second MT103: will be sent by Citibank New York to OCBC Bank, Singapore instructing them to debit their USD account for $2000.00 and credit the  beneficiary W.E.Jose.

MT202 is the next most popular message type, it facilitates transfers between Financial Institutions. We will conduct a similar discussion around MT202 in our forthcoming article.

Comments:

  • Amin Shah Gilani

    Thank you! This was very easy to understand :)

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    Anyone know how is a payment made via 103 for transfer using 3 reimbursement institution without using the 202COV?

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    when there is beneficiary bank and also intermediary bank and the beneficiary bank have account in intermediary bank so in which field we should write the account no of ben bank to intermediary bank

    • MK Zurc

      If it is a bank to bank (MT202) transfer, field 58A. Sample below:
      /1234567890
      (Bnf Bank Name) Use Swift Code since u select A. If you have to type in the name of the bank then select 58D.

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  • Puneet Gupta

    Nice info.. one suggestion.. it’s realy helpful if you add the tags name in third example.. the same you have done with second example like info in tag 53b.